Guitar Tutorial – Minor Scales Chords (Part 2)

Guitar Tutorial – Minor Scales Chords (Part 2)

This is the second part in a two part guitar tutorial covering minor scales chords.

Minor Scales Chords

What you need:

  1. To have completed Guitar Tutorial – Major Scales 
  2. To have completed part 1 of this tutorial, Guitar Tutorial – Minor Scales
  3. A guitar
  4. 40 minutes of your time

Find somewhere quiet and away from anyone or anything else that would be demanding your attention.

Take your phone off the hook, and turn off your mobile.

Girl Playing The Guitar - Minor Scales Chords

Table of Contents


In this tutorial, you will learn chords derived from the two kinds of the minor scale. You will be able to relate them to each other and a major scale by adjusting your starting position rather than changing what notes you play. You will continue to form chords by extracting notes from the scale as before.

Experience Level

Some experience & playing ability will go a long way. If you can play scales with confidence, that is ideal.


The intention of this & subsequent tutorials is to gain maximum applied understanding from minimal study & practice. Therefore nothing that follows should be skipped over.

Part 2: Minor Scales Chords

Following on from TUTORIAL #1, this part will be pretty easy. Exactly the same principle applies. Look at the green highlighted notes in Table #3 below. Within the minor scale, It identifies C as the 3rd and E as the 5th. Play those notes in unison with the A root (1) to produce an A minor chord.

Minor Chord Formula

Once again, this formula of Root3rd, and 5th is universal and constant for chord creation. Use the pattern of intervals to find the scale of a selected key, identify the 3rd and the 5th within it and you have the chord. You now know how to construct any minor chord (& major of course too).

Minor Chord Formula
Minor Chord Formula

Exercise 1

Play the scales of G# min & E min on your guitar. Use the phrasing examples on the fretboard charts if you wish. Use the note locator on the bottom reference chart to find your starting position if you need to.

Identify the 3rd, 5th, and root notes in the scale of B minor. Create your own chord shape anywhere you wish on the fretboard. Check it against the note reference chart.

Exercise 2

Repeat exercise #1 but use the Dorian mode for G# and E instead. If you wish, you can use the fretting examples

Exercise 3

There is a small Midi file available for download. It consists of three chords repeated in a cycle.


The chords are:-

  • C major
  • A minor
  • D minor

Of course, these are the minor scales chords of the very scales we have been learning; here assembled into a pattern. All you need do is use your guitar to play the C major scale notes over this music. You can play the scale directly, but it’s nicer to improvise the note order if you can. Note that when the underlying chord changes, the mood of your own playing is transformed completely. Of course, it doesn’t actually matter if you play the scales of C major, A minor, or D Dorian here because they are all the same notes. This example is a peek at the ‘payoff’ value of this type of study.

If for any reason, you don’t use the Midi file provided, take the trouble to create your own, because it’s worth understanding this at a practical level as early as possible. Here’s how:-

Artist/Band - Songstuff Music Community Join

Record and playback a C major chord, an A minor chord, and a D minor chord, possibly using your PC. Sustained organ or brass sounds would be suitable. It’s preferable to record them as a 3-part sequence. A rhythm accompaniment is not necessary.

The chord base underneath has determined the effect your playing has. First cheerful and then sombre. From a composer’s point of view, this is a useful bit of knowledge. Many songs use these major / relative-minor chords together. They have a special relationship. They share all the same notes but there is a shift in mood.


Hopefully, this Guitar Tutorial – Minor Scales Chords has given you some important principles quickly and painlessly. Sadly, there are fewer ways to speed up playing practice. I will leave it up to you how much work you put in to consolidate your understanding.

Whatever you manage to do, the practice will also better prepare you for the tutorials to follow, which are built upon this one, and each other.

Related Articles

If you want to find out more about playing or maintaining the guitar? If so, you can find articles and tutorials on our Guitar Articles page.

If for some strange reason you haven’t yet, please check out the first part of the minor scale guitar tutorial, that focuses on scales:

Guitar Tutorial – Minor Scales

Check out our major scale guitar tutorial:

Guitar Tutorial – Major Scales

Useful Links

Are you looking for advice about the guitar?

As well as our articles and tutorials you can discuss playing the guitar on our performance boards.

Become A Contributor To The Songstuff Music Library​

Contributors Wanted​

Are you a skilled guitar player? Would you be interested in helping your fellow guitarists to build their skills and understanding by contributing demonstration videos, articles and tutorials to the Songstuff music library? We rely upon musicians, and people working within the music industry, being willing to contribute to our knowledge base.

As well as contributions to our music library, we feature contributions in our site blogs and social media portals. In particular, we add video contributions to the Songstuff Channel on YouTube.

Please contact us and we can explore the possibility of you joining our contributors asap.

Songstuff Media Player

If you would like to listen to some awesome indie music while you browse, just open our media player. It opens in another window (or tab) so your playlist can play uninterrupted as you browse.

Open the Songstuff Media Player.

Playlists are curated by SSUK for the Independent Music Stage and Songstuff.