Working out chord and scale transpositions can be a bit frustrating. You could learn all the chords and scales in every fret position for each string, you could use a book of scales and chords, or you could try this Guitar Chord and Scale Translator.
It names the notes by their position relative to a root note, placed on a fret board, and uses the named notes along with either a chord or scale formlae chart.
A brief description of the diagrams is provided below, followed by some examples.
The Fretboard Diagram
The fretboard diagram is a reference for working out where to put your fingers on the fretboard when using either the chord or scale formulae.
R corresponds to the Root note of a scale or chord.
Chord Formulae Diagram
The chart below contains the basic chord formulae. Each row is a separate chord, showing the individual notes that make up each chord.
Use the note names relevant to the type of chord you want to play, work out where those notes are on the fretboard. Make sure a note from the formula for a particular chord is assigned to each played string.
Scale Formulae Diagram
The chart below contains the basic scale formulae. Each row is a separate scale, showing the individual notes that make up each scale.
Use the note names relevant to the type of scale you want to play, work out where those notes are on the fretboard.
Example: Major Chord
Use the Major Chord formula from the Chord Formulae Diagram:
Work out where those notes lie on the fretboard using the Fretboard Diagram. If the chord in question is an E Major, then the Root Note is an E, which is also an open string on a guitar. The bottom of the fretboard diagram corresponds to a low E on the Guitar (The 6th string).
The notes for an E major, where the root note is on the sixth string could look like this.
Try the same E Major Chord in different positions on the neck.
Example: Major Scale
Use the Major Scale formula from the Scale Formulae Diagram:
Work out where those notes lie on the fretboard using the Fretboard Diagram. The bottom of the fretboard diagram corresponds to a low E on the Guitar (The 6th string).
Try the different fingering options for the same scale.
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